Hormone imbalance can have several causes, though it is commonly manifest in women experiencing an extraordinary increase in estrogen levels, accompanied by a disproportionate increase in progesterone levels. As hormones, estrogen and progesterone act as the body’s chemical messengers – taking charge of normal sexual development and menstrual cycle regulation. They also ensure the female body’s stability during its child-bearing years.
Factors that affect hormonal imbalance are age, genetics, health, and general lifestyle. Older women are more likely to experience unnatural fluctuations in hormone levels while women of all ages can be saddled with a genetic disposition to such changes in body chemistry. Health or medical causes may include obesity and tumors while lifestyle factors such as use of birth control pills, stress, lack of exercise, and sedentariness may also come into play. Pregnancy and lactation also contribute.
As to symptoms, one of the most common manifestations of hormone imbalance is irregular and/or excessive vaginal bleeding. One may also experience severe menstrual cramps, pre-menstrual syndrome or even pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder. It might also present itself through anxiety, lack of appetite, loss of concentration, fluctuating weight loss and gain, and even a reduced sex drive.
Insomnia is both a symptom and a cause, as lack of sleep also contributes largely to hormonal imbalance. If the symptoms present themselves more severely, however, it could mean that the condition is already one of hormone allergy and not just imbalance. These more severe symptoms include chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, anxiety attacks, and urinary tract infection, among others.
Treatment for hormone imbalance depends largely on the severity of the symptoms. For some women, the discomfort does not get in the way of their day-to-day existence, leading them to go through life without medication or any form of treatment whatsoever. Some may not even realize that they are experiencing imbalance at all. To be safe, however, it is recommended that one undergo regular check- ups and report to the doctor the occurrence of any of the abovementioned symptoms. Blood, saliva, or urinary testing may be required.
Conventional treatment for hormonal imbalance takes the form of hormone replacement therapy. However, there are those who feel that this manner of addressing an imbalance in the body will only lead to further problems, as HRT is known to have several side effects. Thus, some women choose to alleviate the symptoms of hormonal imbalance in a more holistic manner.
When symptoms occur, it should be dealt with right away to avoid complications that may lead to severe sickness. Of course, one should seek a doctor right away to diagnose the problem and may be treated with the right medication.
However, there is a better way to deal with this problem. The holistic way of treating the condition would include taking vitamin supplements, getting enough exercise, and sufficient sleep and rest. Some herbal remedies like Asia ginseng and primrose oil may also be of help. Avoiding day-to-day stress and imbibing large amounts of caffeine also aid in getting the body back on track without resorting to synthetic drugs.